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Natural conditions 

1. GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION:

Ninh Thuan, located in the southern part of Vietnam Central Coastal region, borders Khanh Hoa in the north, Binh Thuan in the south, Lam Dong in the west, East sea in the East.

The province has total natural surface of 3,360 sq. kilometers, 7 administrative units including 1 city and 6 districts. The city of Phan Rang -Thap Cham, as provincial city, constitutes a political, economic and cultural center of the province, distant from Hochiminh City by 350 km, from international Cam Ranh airport by 60 km, from the city of Nha Trang by 105 km and from Da Lat by 110 km with favorable conditions for circulations in service of socio-economic development.

2. TOPOLOGY:

The topology of Ninh Thuan can be characterized as follows: it is gradually sloping from north-west to southeast, with three typical topologies: mountains account for 63.2 percent of the province's total natural surface, while half-mountain half-plain areas for 14.4 percent and coastal plain areas for 22.4 percent.

3. CLIMATIC AND HYDROGRAPHICAL CONDITIONS:

Ninh Thuan has a typically tropical monsoon climate, with the features of draught, heat, much wind, strong evaporation; annual average temperature around 26- 270C; annual average rainfall of 700-800 mm in Phan Rang and gradually increasing to more than 1,100mm in mountainous areas; humidity around 75-77%.

There are two different seasons: rainy season (Sep-Nov); dry season (Dec-Aug).

Generally, the water resources in Ninh Thuan are distributed unevenly concentrated mainly in the southern and central part of province. Meanwhile, the underground water is quite limited in quantity, equal only to one third of the country-wide average.

4. LAND/SOIL:

The province's total natural surface accounts for 3,360 sq. kilometers, of which agricultural area - 60,113 hectares, forestry area 159,895 hectares, special-purpose land area 12,673 hectares, and residence area 2,880 hectares. The remaining area of 100,443 hectares includes unused land, rivers, streams and rocks.

5. MARINE RESOURCES:

With a coastal line of 105 km, the province's fishing field is found in a region with rich and diverse resources of aqua-products, including more than 500 species of aqua-products. In addition, there exists a highly rich bio-system of corals with over 120 species, and extremely precious turtles, available uniquely in Ninh Thuan. The coastal region comprises a deal of gulfs and lagoons, relevant to tourism development in national and international scale and feasible for developing aquaculture and shrimp breeding.

6. NATURAL RESOURCE AND MINERALS:

- Metal minerals include wolfram, molybden, tin, Titan in coastal region with reserve of about 800 million tons.

- Non-metal minerals include crystal quartz, glass-led sand porcelain-led clay, etc.

- Raw materials for producing construction materials comprise granite with total reserve of about 850 million cubic meters, lime mortal with reserve of about 1.5 million cubic meters; coral-originated limestone concentrated in the coastal region with reserve of about 2.5 million tones of CaO; ingredient clay, stone...